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Luke-Acts 2. Verse Lamentations 3:2. "We are the refuse, or dross, in the midst of the people, trodden upon by every body, and looked upon as the vilest of the nations, and good for nothing but to be cast out as salt which has lost its savour. 20 My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me. Note, However God may for a time suffer evil-doers to prosper, and serve his own purposes by them, yet he does not therefore approve of their evil doings. 12 He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow. Major Prophets Though God serves his own purposes by the violence of wicked and unreasonable men, yet it does no therefore follow that he countenances that violence, as his oppressed people are sometimes tempted to think. That God will graciously return to his people with seasonable comforts according to the time that he has afflicted them, v. 31, 32. i. "When I lay gasping for life, and ready to expire, and thought i was breathing my last, then thou tookest cognizance of my distressed case." Time and time again throughout the day. You have redeemed my life. An Arabic poet. By their conduct they will bring on themselves the curse denounced against their enemies. God can interpret all. (Meyer). And broken my bones. They have done it without cause, without any provocation given them. The former is their state, the latter their fate. i. "In more ways than one this brings us to the very heart of the book. You have slain and not pitied. Instead of Adonai, seventeen MSS., of Kennicott's, and one ancient of my own, have Yehovah. Others have been consumed round about us, and we ourselves have been in the consuming, and yet we are not consumed; we are out of the grave; we are out of hell. He had already begun to appear for them (v. 58): "O Lord! A sincere conversion to God: "Let us turn again to the Lord, to him who is turned against us and whom we have turned from; to him let us turn by repentance and reformation, as to our owner and ruler. This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope. The LORD is my portion: As in Psalm 119:57, Jeremiah found the key to satisfactionfinding ones portion in the LORD. Their taunting song: Mocking or taunt-songs were also frequently used to express derision or contempt for an enemy. (Harrison). We read it as a petition for further audience: Hide not thy ear. ii. a. This was the language of God's prophets preaching to them not to fear (Isa 41 10, 13, 14), of his providence preventing those things which they were afraid of, and of his grace quieting their minds, and making them easy, by the witness of his Spirit with their spirits that they were his people still, though in distress, and therefore ought not to fear. If so be there may be hope. Having stated his distress and temptation, the prophet shows how he was raised above it. General Epistles The struggle between unbelief and faith is often very severe. My seeing eye affects my heart. The complaint renewed, ver 42-54. Note, The Israel of God, though children of light, sometimes walk in darkness. The Old Testament it was to no purpose; he remembers, upon all occasions, the affliction and the misery, the wormwood and the gall. He hath filled me with bitterness bimrorim, with bitternesses, bitter upon bitter. The evil fact is, turning aside the right of a man; and the aggravation of it is, doing it before the face of the Most High; that is, in a court of justice, where God is ever considered to be present. All their schemes against me, Does God Really Work All Things Together for Good? i. You perceive there is not a word concerning himself or his own pleadings. But he does not do it willingly, not from the heart; so the word is. The enemies, having taken some of them like a bird in a snare, chased others as a harmless bird is chased by a bird of prey (v. 52): My enemies chased me sorely like a bird which is beaten from bush to bush, as Saul hunted David like a partridge. 2 He has led me into darkness, shutting out all light. Observe here, 1. Do not be in a hurry; do not expect to be delivered out of your trouble the first time you begin to cry unto God. If we cannot say with unwavering voice, The Lord is my portion; may we not say, I desire to have Him for my portion and salvation, and in his word do I hope? II. 31 For the Lord will not cast off for ever: 32 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies. To God in heaven. With Lamentations 1:3 begins the specific account of the misery over which Jerusalem sorrows so deeply. English Standard Version. The perverting of justice, and the subverting of the just, are a great affront to God; and, though he may make use of them for the correction of his people, yet he will sooner or later severely reckon with those that do thus. That he is at a loss and altogether in the dark. again and again, all day long. 40 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the Lord. "If God, who now covers himself with a cloud, as if he took no notice of our troubles (Job 22 13), would but shine forth, all would be well; if he look upon us, we shall be saved," Ps 80 19; Dan 9 17. Verse 33. In your experience you had many a Cape of Storms, but you have weathered them all, and now, let them be a Cape of Good Hope to you. (Spurgeon). We must set ourselves to answer God's intention in afflicting us, which is to bring sin to our remembrance, and to bring us home to himself, v. 40. That God is, and ever will be, the all-sufficient happiness of his people, and they have chosen him and depend upon him to be such (v. 24): The Lord is my portion, saith my soul; that is, 1. That he bear the yoke in his youth. 23 They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness. He has turned His hand against me: A metaphor from buffeters, who double their blows, beating their adversaries on both sides, as the smith doth his red hot iron upon the anvil till he hath shaped it. (Trapp). This was a pathway to hope for him. From my sighing, my cry for help: He dared not even to complain, nor to cry, nor to pray aloud: he was obliged to whisper his prayer to God. It is good because it saves from a thousand snares. i. 5 He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail. "When I have lost all I have in the world, liberty, and livelihood, and almost life itself, yet I have not lost my interest in God." The Hebrew exclamation ekah2 ("How," which expresses "dismay"), used in 1:1; 2:1, and 4:1, gives the book its Hebrew title. Keep silent: There came a young man to Demosthenes to learn oratory; he talked away at a great rate, and Demosthenes said, I must charge you double fees. Why? he asked. 2 10. They shall be not only excluded from the happiness of the invisible heavens, but cut off from the comfort even of these visible ones, which are the heavens of the Lord (Ps 115 16) and which those therefore are unworthy to be taken under the protection of who rebel against him. Or, My weeping eye affects my heart; the venting of the grief, instead of easing it, did but increase and exasperate it. "Lamentations: The Expositor's Bible Commentary" Volume 6 (Isaiah-Ezekiel) (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1985), Harrison, R.K. "Jeremiah and Lamentations: An Introduction and Commentary" Volume 20 (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries) (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Meyer, F.B. He has hedged me in: This also may refer to the lines drawn round the city during the siege. He has led me and made me walk The prophet had owned that a living man should not complain, as if he checked himself for his complaints in the former part of the chapter; and yet here the clouds return after the rain and the wound bleeds afresh; for great pains must be taken with a troubled spirit to bring it into temper. i. You have seen all their vengeance, 4. We must lift up our hearts with our hands, as we must pour out our souls with our words. General Epistles I do not see that we gain any thing by this. The prophet addressed him personally and directly: Great is your faithfulness. We must see and acknowledge the hand of God in all the calamities that befal us at any time, whether personal or public, v. 37, 38. I am the man that hath seen affliction Either the prophet speaks here of himself, or he is personating his miserable countrymen. The reflected beams of God's kindness to them used to be the beauty of Israel; but now "thou hast covered us with anger, so that our glory is concealed and gone; now God is angry with us, and we do not appear that illustrious people that we have formerly been thought to be." Therefore the sufferer is thus penitent, thus patient, because he believes that God is gracious and merciful, which is the great inducement both to evangelical repentance and to Christian patience. Before the face of the Most High, 2. Against all the despair, Jeremiah proclaimed to himself and all others the goodness of hope and patient seeking of God. Our seeking will help to keep up our waiting. Where there was a way open it is now quite made up: He has compassed me on ever side with gall and travel; I vex, and fret, and tire myself, to find a way of escape, but can find none, v. 7. We are apt, in times of calamity, to reflect on other people's ways, and blame them; but our duty is to search and try our own ways, that we may turn from evil to God. Lamentations 3:21-23 New International Version 21 Yet this I call to mind and therefore I have hope: 22 Because of the Lord's great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. This may refer to the prophet's personal experience, with which he encourages himself in reference to the public troubles. Give them a veiled heart; As Abraham said of God, shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? Seeking Him again would bring renewed expressions of His goodness. II. Yet these flashes of light are welcome and necessary. A sad complaint of God's displeasure and the fruits of it, ver 1-20. 5. That God sees them. so Job argues, ch. 2. The Lord Adonai; but one of my ancient MSS. Did ever man paint sorrow like this man? Verse 27. But he is in a particular manner good to those that wait for him, to the soul that seeks him. No matter how bad the past day was, Gods people can look to the new morning with faith and hope. Here is, I. One might conjecture that the following thought in the Toozek i Teemour was borrowed from this: -. Let us search How are we to get the pardon of our sins? 14 I was a derision to all my people; and their song all the day. You need to be saved from sin, in this Book God has revealed the way of salvation, therefore do not shut up the Book, and fasten the clasps, and leave it neglected. Oh, no: the Lord is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul that seeketh him. (Spurgeon), ii. c. Because His compassions fail not: Even in the severity of correction Gods people endured, there was evidence of His compassions. The Old Testament Passwords should have at least 6 characters. Clarke, Adam "Clarke's Commentary: The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments with a Commentary and Critical Notes" Volume 4 (Isaiah-Malachi) (New York: Eaton and Mains, 1827), Ellison, H.L. Without interruption, Portions on earth are perishing things, but God is a portion for ever. When a man hopes for salvation, he should not only wait for it, but use every means that may lead to it; for hope cannot live, if there be no exercise. For He does not afflict willingly, Pauline Epistles Verse 18. 33 For he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men. 2. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point We may bear ourselves up with this, 1. Remember my affliction and roaming: Jeremiah did not prescribe positive thinking for this deep affliction. A man for the punishment of his sins? And covered me with ashes. Or subvert a man in his cause The Old Testament He had silenced their fears and quieted their spirits (v. 57): "Thou drewest near in the day that I called upon thee; thou didst graciously assure me of thy presence with me, and give me to see thee nigh unto me, whereas I had thought thee to be at a distance from me." The faithful lament their calamities, and hope in God's mercies.1-20 The prophet relates the more gloomy and discouraging part of his experience, and how he found support and relief. My eyes overflow with rivers of water He is filled full with reproach. I have been so inured to sorrow and servitude that I know not what joy and liberty mean. a. Thus restless was the enmity of their persecutors, and yet causeless. c. And turn back to the LORD: All the self-examination in the world does little good if it does not lead us back to this place. That grief returned upon every remembrance of his troubles, and his reflections were as melancholy as his prospects, v. 19, 20. This gives both birth and bitterness to the affliction (v. 1): I am the man, the remarkable man, that has seen affliction, and has felt it sensibly, by the rod of his wrath. He takes no delight in our pain and misery: yet, like a tender and intelligent parent, he uses the rod; not to gratify himself, but to profit and save us. I. I said, I am cut off! All rights reserved. a. "Let us lift up our heart;" let us make fervent prayer and supplication for mercy. The contempt and calumny wherewith they loaded him, all that they spoke slightly of him, and all that they spoke reproachfully: "Thou hast heard their reproach (v. 61), all the bad characters they give me, laying to my charge things that I know not, all the methods they use to make me odious and contemptible, even the lips of those that rose up against me (v. 62), the contumelious language they use whenever they speak of me, and that at their sitting down and rising up, when they lie down at night and get up in the morning, when they sit down to their meat and with their company, and when they rise from both, still I am their music; they make themselves and one another merry with my miseries, as the Philistines made sport with Samson." 2 He has driven me away and made me walk in darkness rather than light; 3 indeed, he has turned his hand against me again and again, all day long. Remember my affliction and roaming, Lamentations 3 New International Version 3 [ a]I am the man who has seen affliction by the rod of the Lord's wrath. You can copy the order of your preferred Bible translations from the Bibles Tab to the Version Picker (this popup) or vice versa. Prayer is the breath of the new man, sucking in the air of mercy in petitions and returning it in praises; it is both the evidence and the maintenance of the spiritual life. Cookie Notice: If tribulation work patience, that patience will work experience, and that experience a hope that makes not ashamed. Note, The distresses of God's people sometimes prevail to such a degree that they cannot find any footing for their faith, nor keep their head above water, with any comfortable expectation. Let him sit alone and keep silent, From under the heavens of the Lord. i. He has pulled me in pieces; he has torn and is gone away (Hos 5 14), and has made me desolate, has deprived me of all society and all comfort in my own soul." The yoke in his youth: Early habits, when good, are invaluable. Because His compassions fail not. 27 It is good for a man that he bear the yoke in his youth. This is the consequence of their hardening their hearts from thy fear. It is sin that makes the cup of affliction a bitter cup. Alas! I. Silence implies both an acceptance of Gods will and a refusal to complain to men. He has made my chain heavy. Yes, this was Jeremiah, but it certainly was not only him. This chapter is another single alphabet of Lamentations for the destruction of Jerusalem, like those in the first two chapters. 61 Thou hast heard their reproach, O Lord, and all their imaginations against me; 62 The lips of those that rose up against me, and their device against me all the day. Note, Men are but tools which the great God makes use of, and manages as he pleases, in the government of this lower world; and they cannot accomplish any of their designs without him. Whatever we are robbed of our portion is safe. Why do I fret thus?" 4. He never afflicts us but when we give him cause to do it. Luke-Acts The sum is, If tribulation work patience, that patience will work experience, and that experience a hope that makes not ashamed. He has made me drink wormwood. 4. 1:6 . Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. But this was not all: Thou saidst, Fear not. Things are bad but they might have been worse, and therefore there is hope that they may be better. V. That afflictions are really good for us, and, if we bear them aright, will work very much for our good. Here is, I. Waters of affliction flowed over my head. Thou hast seen - all their imaginations Every thing is open to the eye of God. So arrows that issue from a quiver are here termed the sons of the quiver. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. It is possible to interpret this chapter as a record of the feelings of Jeremiah himself, or as a personification in an otherwise unknown individual or the nations tragic sufferings. (Harrison), ii. 3 indeed, he has turned his hand against me. III. To this very day it is asserted by Romanists that Martin Luther was a drunkard. Pentateuch They confess the righteousness of God in afflicting them (v. 42): We have transgressed and have rebelled. Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. IV. (great love [mercies]), the covenant love and loyalty of the Lord that leads to rahamim (compassion, mercy), derived from re?em (womb). (Ellison), ii. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a Are we suffering for our sins? b. Pursue and destroy them Life in any sense is a sweet mercy, even that which to the afflicted may seem a lifeless life. (Trapp). Though He causes grief, If he be tempted to murmur, let him remember that he is yet alive, and that is more than his part cometh to, since it is the Lords mercy that he is not consumed, and sent packing hence to hell. Note, All the events of divine Providence are the products of a divine counsel; whatever is done God has the directing of it, and the works of his hands agree with the words of his mouth; he speaks, and it is done, so easily, so effectually are all his purposes fulfilled. hichphishani beepher, "he hath plunged me into the dust." When we are meek and mild towards those who are the instruments of our trouble, and are of a forgiving spirit, v. 30. V. Encouragement taken to hope in God, and continue waiting for his salvation, with an appeal to his justice against the persecutors of the church, ver 55-66. Nor grieve the children of men. But, if we accommodate ourselves to him, though we be chastened of the Lord we shall not be condemned with the world. 4. "As they deserve (v. 64): Render to them a recompence according to the work of their hands. We have transgressed and rebelled; Surely He has turned His hand against me Lamentations 3:32 (HCSB) Verse Thoughts Jeremiah is often called 'the weeping prophet' for he was to prophecy to deaf ears and witness to blinded, callused hearts. 53 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. This St. Paul refers to in his account of the sufferings of the apostles. (Lamentations 3:40-47) Humbly turning back to God. Like many psalms (see Psalms 22 and 88 for examples), the poem begins with painful and heartfelt statements about the horrors of the author (Lamentations 3:1-20). 1. Here we find a different feeling; he humbles himself under the mighty hand of God, and then his hope revives, Lamentations 3:21. He laments the direful effects of the famine to which they were reduced by the siege, ver 3-10. Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters, Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. Many have found it good to bear this in youth; it has made those humble and serious, and has weaned them from the world, who otherwise would have been proud and unruly, and as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke. Observe how he calls prayer his breathing; for in prayer we breathe towards God, we breathe after him. Text is available under the . My enemies without cause Wherefore doth a living man complain He who has his life still lent to him has small cause of complaint. None of these makes any material change in the meaning of the words. Gods response to this seeking soul was, Do not fear!, i. That his neighbours make a laughing matter of his troubles (v. 14): I was a derision to all my people, to all the wicked among them, who made themselves an one another merry with the public judgments, and particularly the prophet Jeremiah's griefs. All their schemes against me. It is evident that in the preceding verses there is a bitterness of complaint against the bitterness of adversity, that is not becoming to man when under the chastising hand of God; and, while indulging this feeling, all hope fled. Verse Lamentations 3:1. Because of all the daughters of my city. It has already been noticed in the introduction, that this chapter contains a triple acrostic, three lines always beginning with the same letter; so that the Hebrew alphabet is thrice repeated in this chapter, twenty-two multiplied by three being equal to sixty-six. His sense is that they should patiently receive the suffering and reproach God had appointed for them. ( Lamentations 3:1-9) The man afflicted by the LORD. 2. My soul, having them in remembrance, is humbled in me, not only oppressed with a sense of the trouble, but in bitterness for sin. 2. Verse 31. 42 We have transgressed and have rebelled: thou hast not pardoned. 5. The New Testament The prophet here laments the injuries and indignities done to those to whom respect used to be shown, ver 1, 2. Yes, certainly they do; and it is more emphatically expressed in the original: Do not this evil, and this good, proceed out of the mouth of the Most High? You drew near on the day I called on You: Jeremiah knew that God responded when he called upon Him. Therefore I have hope. i. It is easier to chide ourselves for complaining than to chide ourselves out of it. Give them sorrow of heart They shall have a callous heart, covered with obstinacy, and thy execration. Johannine Writings This hindered God's favours from coming down upon them. 2. It seemed as a butt for all God's arrows; and each arrow of calamity entered into the soul, for God was the unerring marksman. He has also broken my teeth with gravel, 3. It is evident that in the preceding verses there is a bitterness of complaint against the bitterness of adversity, that is not becoming to man when under the chastising hand of God; and, while indulging this feeling, all hope fled. Minor Prophets Hoping and waiting differ but as the mother and daughter, hope being the mother of patience and waiting; or as the habit and act, hoping and waiting being ranch the same, flowing from a gracious power and habit given the soul to wait. They complain of his frowns and the tokens of his displeasure against them. Minor Prophets When the Lord has not commanded it? For the Lord will not cast off forever. It is before the face of the Most High (v. 35); it is in his sight, under his eye, and is very displeasing to him. Why, said the master, I have first to teach you to hold your tongue, and afterwards to instruct you how to speak. The Lord teaches true penitents how to hold their tongues. (Spurgeon), ii. Lamentations 3 Hebrew with Rashi's Commentary; Christian. He has made me desolate. A serious consideration of ourselves and a reflection upon our past lives. The second ( Lamentations 3:32) rests on the fact that compassion underlies chastisement ( Psalm 30:5; Job 5:18; Isaiah 54:8 ); the third ( Lamentations 3:33) on the truth that the primary eternal will of God is on the side of love, and that punishment is, as it were, against that will. The distemper was in continual extremity, and they had no better day. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). It is the heart that God looks at in that and every other service; for what will a sacrifice without a heart avail? II. Salem Media Group. That while they continued weeping they continued waiting, and neither did nor would expect relief and succour from any hand but his; nothing shall comfort them but his gracious returns, nor shall any thing wipe tears from their eyes till he look down. Thou saidst, Fear not. God has access to the spirit, and can so embitter that as thereby to embitter all the enjoyments; as, when the stomach is foul, whatever is eaten sours in it: "He has made me drunk with wormwood, so intoxicated me with the sense of my afflictions that I know not what to say or do. He has torn, and he will heal us, Hos 6 1. Verses Lamentations 3:46, Lamentations 3:47, Lamentations 3:48, Lamentations 3:46-48, beginning with phe, should, as to the order of the alphabet, follow 49, 50, 51, Lamentations 3:49-51, which begin with ain, which in its grammatical position precedes the former.

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lamentations 3 explained